Rice is one of the leading food crops in the world, representing not only a vital part of the individual’s nutrition in every-day life, but also a great revenue potential for African as well as Asian economies as a whole. Although great efforts have been made to strengthen African rice production in order to meet domestic demand and increase farmers’ revenues, there is room for improvement in terms of strategic investments in research and development, production and trade infrastructure.
CARI has recognized that the Asian know-how in producing, trading and setting policies can be valuable benchmarks for fighting deficiencies in the African rice industry. Known as the world’s top rice exporter, Thailand serves as role model. Therefore, a cross-continental learning exchange was established in 2016, a collaboration between CARI and the Better Rice Initiative Asia (BRIA). This year’s second exchange visit between BRIA and CARI partners from Nigeria, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Tanzania took place from 21st – 25th August 2017 across different provinces in Thailand.
The main objective of the exchange was to provide participants with insights and thus a better understanding of the Thai rice value chain and its stakeholders. Consequently, participants from four West and East African countries were given guided tours and extensive discussion time at several locations, from which four can especially be highlighted:
The first stop of the exchange led to Klang Community Rice Center in Ubon Ratchathani Province, which works together with OLAM in order to improve and convert their production towards the standard of the sustainable rice platform (SRP). The visit of the community based farmers’ association gave the opportunity to discuss about challenges and recommendations concerning rice farming practicing, post-harvest techniques and package as well as the management and organization of the farmers’ group; highly relevant topics for the visitors from Africa.
At Raitong Organics Farm Co. Ltd., an organic rice farm in Sisaket Province, discussions centered on topics of organic farming processes (from land preparation up to marketing level), innovative technologies and trials (such as biological weed management), processes of packaging materials and quality control. Even though there might not yet be a large market for organic rice in African countries, the holistic concept of the farm, run as a social business, surely was inspiring and might hold large potentials for the future.
The visit at Ubon Ratchathani Rice Research Centre gave insight in the key rice varieties and consumer preferences in Thailand. The participants learnt about challenges related to rice production, plant protection and therewith the importance of the rice research. The Research Centre has more than 1,000 genes in its gens-bank, allowing continuous improvements of seeds and their resistance to pests and diseases, which is crucial for the support of farmers as well as Thailand’s rice brand. Current research areas include rice genetic and variety selection, seed technology, biotechnology, soil fertility and natural resource management, important topics that help addressing upcoming challenges.
Thai Jasmine rice is very well known across the world. At the Office of Commodity Standards, at the Ministry of Commerce the group learnt about the Jasmine rice quality standards, classification schemes, quality assurance and certification in accordance with Thai law. Even though the majority of participants work within the private sector, they acknowledged the importance and benefit of government involvement and regulations in respect to commodity standards which not only hold restrictions and additional responsibilities for companies. These support the creation of brands as well as hold additional employment opportunities, an aspect with high importance for the African continent.
The experience of this field visit has been extremely rewarding and appreciated by all participants. By learning more about rice cultivation in Thailand and exchanging with different organizations along the Thai rice value chain, ideas and impressions were gained, which left the participants optimistic in being able to improve rice production processes in their home countries. BRIA and CARI are looking forward to continue cooperating and supporting mutual learning and knowledge exchange in the future.
|Klang Community Rice Centre||● organisation and management of farmer group
● Exchanging information on challenges and recommended practices
|Office of Commodity Standards, Ministry of Commerce||● Jasmine rice standards, quality assurance and certification
● Function of the organisation and policies
● Other Thai rice standards in development
|Olam (Thailand) Ltd.||● Processing, storage, packaging and marketing
● Trends of Thai Rice and African Rice
|Raitong Organics Farm Co. Ltd.||● Planning and farm management
● Moving up the value chain
● Marketing and challenges
|Rice Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives||● Policies related to rice production, including Sustainable Rice Production
● Rice zoning strategies and support
● History of policy support and implementation
|Ruangchai Tractor Co.||● Growing market of agricultural machinery in Thailand
● Financial package
|Ubon Ratchathani Rice Research Centre||● Key rice varieties in Thailand, consumer preferences of these varieties, suitable areas for cultivation, seasons
● Function of rice research, achievements and current activities
● Visiting the laboratory
|Ying Paiboon Ricemill Co. Ltd.||● Buying mechanisms and rice grading
● Milling and storage for good quality rice